Russia is a big country, with many large cities, but sometimes it’s worth looking at small towns that are passed by unnoticed.
The hero-city Gagarin is a small town in Russia, located on the Gzhat River (the Volga basin) in the southern part of the Gzhatsko-Vazuzskoy lowlands, 180 km from Moscow and 239 km from Smolensk.
Until 1968, the city was called Gzhatsk. The name Gzhatsk comes from the local name of the river Gzhat, given for the rusty shade of water.
On April 23, 1968, by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, the city of Gzhatsk was renamed into the city of Gagarin in honor of Yu. A. Gagarin (the first person in world history who flew into outer space), who was born on March 9, 1934 in the village of Klushino of the Gzhatsky region and died March 27, 1968.
In 1974 in the city of Gagarin was built a monument to Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin. The bronze monument to the first person to conquer the space, established in memory of the native and in gratitude for his services. The monument is one of the business cards of Gagarin city and is located in a popular place among the citizens - the central square, where they hold various kinds of ceremonial and memorable events, city festivals and concerts. For couples entering into legal marriage, the monument is a traditional place for laying flowers and holding photo shoots.
In November 1988 was formed the Gagarin Museum. The joint memorial museum of Yu. A. Gagarin is one of the leading Russian space profile museums. The museum today is not only the main scientific carrier of the memory of an outstanding man - Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin, but also about the historical past of the Gzhatsky region.
April 11, 2001, on the eve of the 40th anniversary of the first manned flight into space, the grand opening of the Monument of the Mother of the First Cosmonaut of the Planet, Anna Timofeevna Gagarina, took place. Anna Timofeevna is sitting on the edge of the bench (so that visitors can take pictures next to her), a dog curled up at her feet. Located in the courtyard of the Memorial House-Museum of the First Cosmonaut.