The Cathedral of the Intercession of the Most Holy Theotokos, on the Moat - the St. Basil's Cathedral, is a bright monument of Russian architecture, located on the Red Square.
The magnificent and solemn appearance of the cathedral with unusual multi-colored heads, which was beloved by Muscovites and well remembered by foreigners, made it one of the main symbols not only of Moscow, but also of all of Russia.
The Cathedral was built in 1555-1561 by an unknown architect (there are different versions) by order of Ivan the Terrible in memory of the victory over the Kazan Khanate and the capture of Kazan city, which fell on the day of the Intercession of the Holy Virgin. Subsequently was repeatedly rebuilt.
The peculiarity of the temple is that in fact it is 9 separate churches, united by a common foundation. In the center there is a pillarless church of the Intercession of the Most Holy Mother of God, around it are 8 smaller churches grouped together:
The Trinity, St. Nicholas the Wonder-worker (in honor of the Great Russian Icon),
The entrance of the Lord into Jerusalem,
Martyrs Adrian and Natalia,
St. John the Merciful,
The thrones of the churches were consecrated in honor of the Orthodox holidays and the days of the memory of the saints, which took place on the days of the decisive battles for Kazan. The height of the cathedral is 65 meters
The Cathedral of the Intercession of the Most Holy Theotokos, on the Moat, is located on Red Square, Building 2