In the same building as the Central House of Artists there is another gallery complex owned by the State Tretyakov Gallery.
The New Tretyakov is a branch of the Tretyakov Gallery. It was built by 1983 according to the design of architects Yuri Sheverdyayev and Nikolai Sukoyan in the style of Soviet modernism.
The new Tretyakov Gallery represents the most complete permanent exhibition in our country of the 20th century national art in all its diversity - avant-garde, socialist realism, the art of “harsh style” and “underground”, the latest trends. Large-scale retrospectives of Great Russian artists are held here, As well as experimental exhibitions of young authors.
On 2018, the museum includes more than 5,000 works of art of the 20th and 21st centuries. One of the largest collections consists of canvases of the Russian avant-garde of the 1900-1920s, represented by artists Kazimir Malevich, Vasily Kandinsky, Marc Chagall, Pavel Filonov, Lyubov Popova.
In addition to the famous masterpieces from the museum's collection, it widely presents new arrivals and gifts, which have replenished the collection of the Tretyakov Gallery in recent years. For the first time, the exposition is completed by the halls devoted to the unofficial art of the 1960–1980s and the newest trends of the late 20th century.
In 2008, it became known that the city authorities planned to demolish the building of the Central House of Artist, and in its place to build a new building of the Tretyakov Gallery. The decision of the management of the gallery caused a wide public response, so they abandoned their plans.
In 2015, the leadership of the Tretyakov Gallery announced a change in the image of the museum. The building was named “New Tretyakovka” to avoid confusion with other branches of the Tretyakov Gallery.
From 2017, part of the rooms of the Central House of Artist, was transferred in possession to the Tretyakov Gallery. In October 2018, it became known that at the beginning of the next year, the Central House of Artist would transfer its events to Manezh and Gostiny Dvor, and the building on Krymsky Val would be completely abandoned by the New Tretyakov Gallery.