The Kitay-Gorod (literally China Town) is the historical district of Moscow inside the Kitaygorodskaya fortress wall, attached in 1538 to the corner towers of the Moscow Kremlin: Beklemishevskaya and Arsenalnaya. After the destruction in the 19th — 20th centuries, only small sections of the ancient wall of Kitay-Gorod remained.
Currently, it is the administrative, cultural and business center of Moscow. It includes the streets: Nikolskaya, Ilinka, Varvarka, as well as the Zaryadya district.
Despite this name Kitay-Gorod (China Town), most likely the name of the district is not related to China. It is worth noting that today there are no official data on the origin of the name of the district of the capital, historians have not been able to establish them.
However, there are all sorts of hypotheses and versions, the most popular and genuine of which is the version that the name is based on the old word “kita”, which we do not use today. “Kita” is the process of tying special poles, which were previously widely used by people in the process of building all sorts of fortifications.
Be sure to visit the Kitay-Gorod district!
Within this area are located such famous architectural and historical monuments as the Pokrovsky Cathedral, the Voskresensky Gates, Gostiny Dvor, GUM, Kazansky Cathedral, Trinity Church in Nikitniki.
In addition, the station of the same name metro station “Kitay-Gorod” deserves mentioning. It is a cross-platform station of the Moscow metro on the Kalujsko-Rijskaya and Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya lines.
Kitay-Gorod is the first cross-platform transfer in the Moscow Metro: to transfer from one line to another within one station, it is enough to switch from one side of the platform to the other. However, this type of transplant is possible when following in one direction (north or south). To transfer from one direction to another, you need to go through a short passage that starts in the center of the hall. This type of transfer in the Moscow Metro was subsequently applied at five more stations: Kashirskaya, Tretyakovskaya, Park Pobedy, Kuntsevskaya and Petrovsko-Razumovskaya.