Small Jewish communities (Mountain, Georgian, Krymchaks, and a separate ethno-religious group - Karaites) have long lived near the southern borders of the Russian empire - in the Caucasus and Central Asia. At the same time, at its western limits — in Poland — there existed rather large communities of Jews, whose ancestors came from France and Germany.
At the end of the 18th century, after the partition of Poland, a large part of the Polish lands and with them, the Polish Jews went to the Russian Empire.
Until now, Ashkenazis - European Jews - make up a large part of the Russian Jewish community.
The Jewish Museum (@jewishmuseum) and the Tolerance Center are a cultural and educational project that includes a historical exposition, temporary exhibitions, avant-garde center, space for holding public lectures, discussions and conferences, 4D cinema, tolerance center and children's center.
The permanent exhibition tells the story of the Jewish community in Russia from the mid-18th century to the present day - but it has nothing to do with traditional historical expositions.
The exhibition is divided into 12 thematic pavilions, designed by Ralph Appelbaum Associates - the leader in the field of exhibition design.
Visitors of the museum study history with the help of panoramic cinemas, audiovisual installations, interactive screens that were created on the basis of unique photo and video archives, documents and interviews.
The space of temporary expositions of the museum completely changes depending on the subject of the exhibitions, transforming from a classical gallery into a museum of modern art.