Aleksandrovsky sad (lit. Alexander Garden) is a park that sits along one of the Kremlin’s walls. A high contrast between red bricks and flourishing flower beds makes the gardens even more impressive and eye-pleasing.
The first urban public park in the capital was reconstructed in 1823 after having been totally demolished during the Napoleonic Wars.
Nowadays, Alexander Gardens is a tranquil and relaxing place with lots of picturesque spots, like the large stone Holy Trinity Bridge dividing the park into two halves and the amazing Geyser Fountain by Zurab Konstantines dze Tsereteli.
It’s hard to believe there once was a river that even had to be rerouted to free up enough space for the gardens.
The 10-hectare park consists of three parts: the Upper, Middle and Lower Gardens. It contains such historical objects as the Kutafya Kremlin Tower, the Italian Grotto, the obelisk for the 300th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty and others. Monuments dedicated to the Patriotic War of 1812 and the Great Patriotic War occupy a special place.
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier and the Eternal Flame
Monument to Patriarch Germogen
The Trinity bridge
Monument to Alexander I
The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
The main guard post of Russia, also known as the post by the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier or the Number One Post, is located in the Alexander Garden, at the entrance to the Red Square. The tomb contains the remains of many unknown Soviet soldiers killed during the WWII.
Every hour, a lot of people come here to watch the change of honor guard ceremony. With pinpoint precision, tall guards in uniforms march in goose step to change positions with their replacements.
Watching the guards change is a beautiful and solemn experience especially for Russian people who each lost someone in the awful war machine of 1941-1945. To think that the victory cost the Soviet Union about 27,000,000 souls!
On solemn dates, members of the Russian government lay flowers at the eternal flame, and so do heads of foreign countries when they visit Russia.
Do not miss the ceremony — it’s really emotional and moving! To have a good view of everything, come 10 to 15 minutes before the hour.