Neither among contemporaries of Peter I, nor among his successors was there a person who made such profound changes in the state. So what were those changes about?
Under Peter I, a fleet appeared in Russia and became one of the most powerful fleets in Europe.
Peter expanded the borders of the Russian Empire, regained previously lost territories and established economic relations with European countries.
Peter I is the founder of St. Petersburg, the northern capital of Russia.
The first printed newspaper appeared. Peter I took an active part in its publication and checked it.
The calendar was changed. The Byzantine chronology was replaced by the era "from the Nativity of Christ", the New Year began to be celebrated on January 1.
The tsar, by order, sent the offspring of the nobility to Europe to study military and shipping, various sciences. Thus, he made education more widespread.
Those are just some of global changes that he introduced. Next time we will discuss his original approach to some issues.
Here are some of his smart decisions for typical problems in Russia of that time:
1. Peter I taught the soldiers to distinguish between the right and left sides by tying hay to one leg and straw to the other. The soldiers were peasants, so they knew how to distinguish one from the other. They were commanded so - "hay-straw" instead of "left-right".
2. Peter I fought against drunkenness. Once he came up with medals for alcoholics. This medal was made of cast iron and weighed about sixteen kilograms. A chain with this honorary award was hung around the drunkard's neck. It was strictly forbidden to take it off; it had to be worn for a whole week.
3. Captured skilled counterfeiters had to work at state mints. In 1712, this punishment was applied to as many as thirteen criminals.
4. Peter I was very concerned about the beauty of military uniforms, while soldiers and officers had a habit of wiping their faces with sleeves. So, the tsar ordered to sew a huge number of buttons on all uniforms in the sleeve area, which made this habit inconvenient.
5. Returning from his first trip abroad, at the very first feast the tsar cut off the beards of several boyars, and then issued a scandalous decree introducing a tax on wearing a beard.
6. The tsar liked the northern, Protestant style, with its emphasized disregard for any decoration. Therefore, he introduced a ban on old Russian costumes (both for women and men). At the entrance to large cities, there were scarecrows dressed up in a proper European costume, so that people could see how they should look like.
Which one of this law do you find the most curious?