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Information about Russia 25.12.2018

State Historical Museum

History museum of moscow

The building of the Historical Museum stands in the very heart of the capital, on the Red Square. There is a huge number of exhibits in the museum (almost 4.5 million), telling about Russian history from ancient times to the present day. The building was built by 1881 by decree of Emperor Alexander II and today is protected by the state as a historical and architectural monument.

The largest national historical museum in Russia. Was founded in 1872, the building on the Red Square was built in 1875 by the project of architect Vladimir Sherwood and engineer Anatoly Semenov.

Moscow Kremlin Museum

moscow places to see

The complex of "Moscow Kremlin" is located on the territory of the current political residence of the President of the Russian Federation. The president’s office itself is located in the building of the Senate Palace, designed by M. Kazakov.

This is a unique museum complex, which includes museums-cathedrals: Assumption, Archangel, Blagoveshchensky; The Church of the Deposition, the Patriarchal Chamber with the Church of the Twelve Apostles, the ensemble of Ivan the Great Bell Tower and the State Armory Chamber - the treasury museum.

The buildings of the museums are located are unique architectural structures of various schools and epochs, built by outstanding architects and craftsmen, retaining the magnificent interiors. The Moscow Kremlin is included in the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage List.

The Armory

Moscow Kremlin Armory

The armory is a treasury museum, a part of the complex of the Grand Kremlin Palace. It is located in a building of 1851 by the architect Konstantin Ton. The basis of the museum collection are precious items made in the Kremlin or received as a gift from the embassies of foreign countries. They have been kept in the tsar's treasury and the patriarchal sacristy. The museum owes its name to one of the oldest Kremlin treasuries.

The Armory stores ancient state regalia, royal clothes and a coronation gown, clothes of the hierarchs of the Russian Orthodox Church, the largest collection of gold and silver items made by Russian masters, Western European artistic silver, weapons masterpieces, a collection of carriages, items of parade horse decoration.

Museum of Contemporary History

The museum of contemporary history moscow

The museum is the largest center for studying modern Russian history. The constantly updated funds and expositions reflect the most important events and phenomena that determined the development of Russian society and the state over a century and a half, from the second half of the XIX century to the present day.

The exhibits of the museum characterize many famous state and political figures, prominent scientists, writers and artists; state transformations and revolutionary upheavals, wars and workdays, ideological quest, political struggle, and cultural life of the country are reflected in the museum.

Pushkin Museum

Pushkin Museum

The State Museum of History of Arts named after A. Pushkin (Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Pushkin Museum) is a Moscow museum of foreign art, founded in 1912.
The Museum is one of the largest art collections of foreign art in Russia, storing artifacts created by masters of different eras - from Ancient Egypt and ancient Greece to the present day.

Pushkin Museum is the most academic museum of Moscow. The entire history of the world can be studied in the halls of the permanent exhibition, from the portico of the Parthenon and David by Michelangelo to the Gothic portal and statues of the Renaissance epoch. Except for the copies, there is a significant collection of paintings by old masters, as Rubens and Botticelli, as well as regular exhibition, both foreign and Russian.

Tretyakov Gallery

tretyakov gallery

The Tretyakov Gallery contains the world's largest collection of Russian painting, drawing and sculpture. As of 2018, the exposition has more than 180,000 objects and includes paintings and sculptures, dated from the 11th to the 20th centuries.

Moscow Art Museum was founded in 1856 by a merchant Pavel Tretyakov. In 1867, the gallery was opened to the public. In 1892 it became an ownership of Moscow.

A collection of paintings from ancient times to the 1910s is now in a building in Lavrushinsky Lane, the art of the 20th century is in the department on Krymsky Val.
As of 2018, the exposition has more than 180,000 objects and includes paintings and sculptures, dated from the 11th to the 20th centuries.

The Museum of Moscow

Museum of Moscow

One of the oldest museums, founded in 1896, today has become a multifunctional complex dedicated to the city life.

The Museum of Moscow tells about Moscow in the past, its changes today, and what it may become in the future. The rich and diverse collection of the museum allows you to explore Moscow from different angles, look at our favorite city from unexpected angles. Moscow is constantly moving and developing - the museum is changing with the city.
You can learn more about the history of Moscow by looking at maps of the 16th – 20th centuries, paintings by Vasnetsov with views of the capital and authentic archaeological materials.

Inside the museum are numerous exhibition projects and festivals, the Center for Documentary Films and educational programs in Lecture Hall, a children's center, a good bookstore and a coffee shop Les.

The Museum of Cosmonautics

museum of cosmonautics

The Museum of Cosmonautics is one of the largest scientific and technical museums in the world. The history of the Museum began in the second half of the 20th century, when the monument to the Conquerors of Space appeared in 1964.

The titanium rocket at VDNKh became a symbol of the qualitative technological leap of its time. The launch of the first artificial satellite of the Earth, the first living beings and the first man in space became the starting point in the world space program.

So space has become closer to humanity. In April 1981, the Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics was opened in the base of the monument. The evidence of the first successes and achievements of the national astronautics were presented here: the first space suits, the first artificial satellites of the Earth; spacecraft for moon studying.

The Museum of Victory

Museum of Victory

The main object of the Victory Memorial Park on Poklonnaya Hill in Moscow. The Museum was opened by the President B. N. Yeltsin in 1995.

The first in the museum’s exposition is the Hall of Military Leaders, which houses a gallery of holders of the Order of Victory, given for the successful conduct of military operations.
The bronze busts of the Soviet cavaliers of the Order of Victory by Zurab Tsereteli were installed around the perimeter of the Hall. Over the busts on stylized heraldic shields are the images of military orders of the Russian and Soviet Army.

The Hall of Fame - the central hall of the Museum of Victory. Inside are the names of the Heroes of the Soviet Union, who got this title during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.

The central object of the Hall of Memory and Grief is the sculptural group "Grieving Mother", made of white marble. The hall is built in the memory of 26 million 600 thousand Soviet citizens who died or went missing.

Entertaining Science Museum Experimentarium

Experimentarium Moscow Museum
 
This is a whole entertainment center dedicated to the fascinating world of science. It can be compared with a scientific attraction, which makes it possible to take part in the work of general education laboratories in real time.

The museum opened its doors to visitors in March 2011. Its concept is the study of science and physical phenomena of the world in an understandable form. The science here is not dry formulas, but their embodiment in an interactive form. All the exhibits are designed to grow a child’s interest in studying the world around him.

Moscow Museum of Modern Art

Contemporary Art Museum in Moscow

It is the first state museum in Russia, specializing entirely in the art of the 20th and 21st centuries. Since its opening, the museum has repeatedly expanded the scope of its activities.

The founder and director of the museum was Zurab Tsereteli, the President of the Russian Academy of Arts. His personal collection, consisting of more than 2000 works of famous artists of the XX century, put a start of the museum collection. Later, the museum’s funds were expanded, and now it is one of the most representative collections of Russian art of the 20th century. Today the museum is located on five sites in the historical center of Moscow.

The collection of the museum presents the main stages of the avant-garde. Most of the collection consists of works by Russian authors, but it also includes works by foreign artists.

State Museum of the History of the Gulag

State Museum of the History of Gulag

The State Museum of the History of the Gulag is a museum in Moscow dedicated to the memory of the victims of Stalinist repression. It was founded in 2001 by Anton Antonov-Ovseenko, a historian who lived in Gulag camps for more than thirteen years. The first permanent exhibition was located in the house on Petrovka. Since 2015, the museum is located in a building in the 1st Samotechny Lane.

The exhibition tells about the history of the camps formed in the USSR in 1920–1930, where people convicted of domestic, criminal, and political crimes served their sentences. Their daily life consisted in physical labor: the development of hard-to-reach land, the extraction of coal and gold, the construction of railways and cities. In total, over 20 million people lived in the camps. For a long time the archives were kept secret. Access to them was opened only after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.

Moscow State Museum "House of Burganov"

House of Burganov Museum Moscow

The museum represents the work of the outstanding Russian sculptor Alexander Nikolaevich Burganov. His works adorn the squares of cities in Europe, America, Asia and are stored in the collections of major museums. The special architectural and artistic space is designed and created by the sculptor himself.

Here not only the exposition of works by Burganov are exhibited, but also a workshop, where the creative process continues. It reveals the romantic world of the modern artist, the atmosphere of the birth of the artwork.

Here are the works of Alexander Burganov, of his friends and students. The exhibited personal collections include the art of ancient classics, Russian medieval sculpture and folk art, the art of Western Europe and Africa, unique books and engravings - all that makes up the world of the artist that he creates around himself.

Museum "House on the Embankment"

House on the embankment museum

In the history of Russia of the twentieth century, there are terrible tragedies, and great heroism, fanatical faith in a bright future, betrayals, fear and hope. And all this was reflected in the incredible house, which itself is a history textbook, - the House on the Embankment.

This country-famous Government House was built according to the project of Boris Iofan (author of the Palace of Soviets). The famous architect realized his idea of the ideal home of the future. In a huge building occupying the whole block in the very center of Moscow opposite the Kremlin, there were not only spacious apartments with all amenities, but also a kindergarten, laundry, department store.

This complex of houses for the Soviet elite got its name after the famous novel by Yury Trifonov “House on the Embankment”. After Stalin's repressions, under which a third of the tenants of the house fell (almost 800 people) the house was nicknamed by the “Stalin's smile”, “A trap for the Bolsheviks”, “House of preliminary detention”.

Archeology Museum of Moscow

Museum of archeology of moscow

The museum is located in an underground pavilion at a depth of 7 m, built during the reconstruction of the Manege Square.Opened after restoration in 2015, the exposition is based on the foundations of the Voskresensky bridge of the 17th - 18th centuries, which connected the banks of the Neglinka river.

The exhibition consists of more than two thousand exhibits and includes items found during expeditions in the territory of Moscow and the Moscow region, from the Paleolithic to the New Age.The exhibition presents a collection of tiles, pipes, monetary and clothing treasures. The museum hosts interactive and costumed excursions about the history of the excavations on Manezhnaya Square, unique finds, showing the life of the inhabitants of Moscow of the XVI - XVII centuries.

State Darwin Museum

State Darwin Museum in Moscow

One of the largest natural science museum in Europe. The permanent exhibition includes thematic exhibitions on the diversity of life on Earth, the origin of species, natural selection and evolution. On three floors, there are stuffed animals, skeletons, models, shells, many interactive exhibits.

The museum exhibits the world's largest collection of abberants, birds and animals, the color of which has deviations from the typical. Dodo bird, which once lived on the island of Mauritius, stuffed wingless auk, wandering pigeons are exhibits of particular value.
Since the 2000s, the museum introduces multimedia models into the exhibition. Most rooms are equipped with computer technology. For example, the Mesozoic era is illustrated by moving dinosaur models.

Borodino Panorama

Borodino Panorama

Historical Museum in Moscow, dedicated to the Patriotic War of 1812. The collection of the museum includes a panorama of the Borodino battle by Franz Roubaud, collections of paintings, drawings, sculptures, decorative arts and rare books, a numismatic collection and items of equipment and weapons.

The idea of writing a panorama "Borodino" appeared during the centenary anniversary of victory. The word "panorama" in translation from ancient Greek means "I see around." Panorama, combining the painting canvas, the subject plan and special lighting, has a great power of influence on the viewer. The length of the Borodino panorama is 115 m in circumference and 15 m in height. The canvas represents events that took place on the battlefield around noon on August 26 of 1812.

Paleontological Museum

Paleontology Museum

It is considered to be one of the largest natural history museums in the world. The history of the Museum, in particular, goes back to the 1st Kunstkamera founded in 1716 by Peter I, which received unusual finds from skeletal fragments of ancient animals.

The exhibition area of the museum is about 5 thousand square meters. The rich and diverse interior design of the Museum contributes to the secrets of past ages. Here are the monumental and graphic works of the best animal artists of Moscow. In the six halls of the Museum there are more than 5 thousand exhibits, reflecting the different stages of development of the organic world of our planet from the most ancient to almost modern.

The Museum of Cold War “Bunker-42”

Bunker-42 Moscow | The Museum of Cold War

This is an underground bunker, located at a depth of 65 meters, preserved and functioning as a museum. This secret military facility of the USSR carried its duty in the heart of the country for 30 years. Nowdays, its huge underground areas and unusual architecture is open for the public

Except for the Museum of the Cold War, Bunker-42 also offer equipped conference rooms, banquet rooms and exclusive platforms for interactive games, quests, presentations, exhibitions, corporate events, filming and concerts of any level and format.

Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center

Jewish Museum in Moscow

The museum was opened in 2012 in the building of the Bakhmetyevsky garage - a monument of constructivism built by K. Melnikov and V. Shukhov. Now it is one of the most high-tech museums of Russia.

The permanent exhibition of the museum shows the history of Russia since the reign of Catherine II to the present day based on the culture and life of the Jewish people. Unlike traditional historical museums, this museum is interactive. Twelve themed pavilions are equipped with panoramic cinemas, interactive screens, and audiovisual installations. All this based on unique photo and video archives, documents and interviews.

The State Museum of Oriental Art

Museum of Oriental Culture Moscow

The Museum, established in 1918, is one of the oldest museums in the country. It contains the largest exposition of works of art of eastern nations: Far and Near East, Central Asia, the Caucasus, Transcaucasia, Kazakhstan, Buryatia, Chukotka and others.

The visitors can admire unique examples of ancient and medieval sculpture, including Buddhist, classical and modern paintings, textiles and jewelry, wood and bone carvings, miniature sculptures, weapons, various household items.

The museum changed its location several times. In 1960 it was moved to an old mansion on Nikitsky Boulevard. The famous architect Domenico Gilardi renovated this historic building, built in the XVIII century, in the «Russian Empire» style.

Moscow Transport State Museum

Museum of transport in Moscow

The museum owns a unique collection of retro-models of all types of urban transport.
The museum presents various brands of cars and trucks, taxis, trams, buses and trolleybuses that carried passengers along the streets of the capital of Russia, as well as cars of various city services: police, firefighters, ambulance. There are more than 300 exhibits in total. Many samples of transport exist only in a single copy.

The museum takes part in various thematic exhibitions and parades of historic buses, trolley buses and trams. The exhibits are also used at Moscow holidays and public events, television and movies.
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