Majestic palaces, masterpieces of world art, science, technology and the most unexpected facets of the surrounding world, historical and artistic, educational and interactive, classical and experimental - all these are museums that the city on the Neva is proud of.
The State Hermitage Museum is the pride of Russia, the country's largest cultural and historical museum, which occupies 6 historical buildings, the main one of which is the majestic Winter Palace. Today, the Hermitage has collected almost 3 million exhibits: paintings, drawings, sculptures, objects of applied art, a collection of numismatics and archaeological monuments.
And the Hermitage began in 1764 as a private collection of Catherine the Great, who bought a collection of 220 paintings and placed them in the remote apartments of the palace, known as the Hermitage. The museum was opened for visitors in 1852, and even then, the richest collections of works of art were accumulated in it.
State Russian Museum
The Russian Museum is the first Russian museum of Russian art, today the largest in the world. It was opened in 1898 by Emperor Nicholas II in memory of Father Alexander III.
The first exhibits were transferred to the Russian Museum by the Hermitage, the Academy of Fine Arts, the Gatchina Palace and the Tsarskoye Selo, many donated by private individuals. These were icons, drawings, engravings, sculptures and objects of decorative arts.
Currently, the museum has more than 320 thousand exhibits representing domestic art from the 11th century to the present day.
The house of Peter I
The founding day of St. Petersburg is considered to be May 16, 1703, when Peter I personally laid the foundation stone of the Zayachy Island fortress. In order to oversee the construction every day, he ordered a summer house to be built nearby. It is amazing that the oldest structure of the new capital has survived to the present day.
One of the first museum-ships in St. Petersburg was the cruiser Aurora, the former defender of Russia in two wars - the Russo-Japanese (1904-1905) and the First World War (1914-1918).
In February 1917 they wanted to bring the ship out of Petrograd, but the sailors rose and raised the red flag of the revolution over it. On October 25, 1917, a blank shot of the ship served as a signal to capture the Winter Palace.
The cruiser Aurora is also known for its role in the events of the October Revolution of 1917. Currently, the ship is not just a museum, but a symbol of the city.
Located on the Neva Embankment in the historical center of St. Petersburg, the Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (aka Kunstkamera) is one of the largest museums of its kind. Its collection includes expositions on the culture and life of the peoples of the world, but most of all it is famous for its collection of “freaks” - anatomical rarities and anomalies. The concept of "Kunstkamera" comes from the German word "Kunstkammer" and means "Cabinet of rarities."
Museum of Dostoyevsky
In Russia, 6 museums Fyodor Dostoevsky. Perhaps the most interesting is in St. Petersburg on the corner of Kuznechny Lane and Yamskaya Street, which now bears his name. Here he spent less than three last years of his life. Few people managed to get so deeply into the human soul and describe those feelings in words.
Unfortunately, few things that belonged to the writer were saved. After the reconstruction, the interiors of the rooms were restored according to the memoirs of contemporaries. No ostentatious luxury, everything is quite ascetic. The clock shows the time of his death. There are family photos in wooden frames on the walls.
Collectors have been hunting for the works of Carl Faberge for decades. For example, the American billionaire Malcolm Forbes has assembled a huge collection of works by Faberge, which was completely redeemed from his heirs by Russian businessman Viktor Vekselberg. It became the basis for the creation of the private Faberge Museum, which opened in 2013.
The Faberge Museum is located in the luxurious Shuvalovsky Palace on the Fontanka Embankment.
The museum exhibits not only works by Faberge, but also other art objects of the late 19th – early 20th centuries: dishes, jewelery works by various masters, ancient icons, frames with rare photographs, paintings by Aivazovsky, Bryullov, Polenov, Renoir and other famous authors
Grand Maket Russia
The Grand Market Russia show-museum is the second largest in the world after the Hamburg “Miniature Wonderland”, it occupies 800 square meters. The museum is a collective image of cities and regions of Russia - Moscow, St. Petersburg, the Urals, the Far East, the North and others. All parts, buildings, vehicles and people are scaled to 1/87.
On the site, there is about 2.5 km of railways, along which 250 locomotives and more than 2000 cars. Cars and public transport are subject to real traffic rules - they slow down at traffic lights and stops.
Palace of Counts Sheremetev
The Sheremetev Palace - the Museum of Music, also referred to as the “Fountain House”. A plot of land along the Fontanka River was granted by Peter I to Sheremetev in 1712. The two-storey stone palace, existing now, was built in 1750. The architect of the building is S. Chevakinsky.
For more than 150 years, the palace was the Sheremetevs 'family nest', collections of paintings and antiquities were kept in it. Now ithere is a Museum of Music in Fontain House. For many years, the poetess Anna Akhmatova lived in one of the palace wings, her memorial museum was opened here.
Erarta Museum - the largest private museum of contemporary art in St. Petersburg and in Russia. It is located in the five-story building of the former research institute of 10,000 m².
One wing of the museum is allocated for permanent exhibition. In these rooms, you can see almost all areas of modern painting: experimental paintings from non-fiction materials, video art, animated paintings, various installations, as well as a rare art form - science art.
The museum regularly holds exhibitions of Russian artists, approximately every 1.5-2 months a new temporary exhibition opens here.
Military Museum of Artillery in St. Petersburg
The full name of this museum, which is located directly opposite the Peter and Paul Fortress, is the “Military Historical Museum of Artillery, Engineers and Communications.” A common name - just "Artillery Museum."
Perhaps the greatest attraction for museum visitors is the collection of original artillery shells, which is exhibited in the spacious courtyard of the Arsenal.
Menshikov Palace on Vasilyevsky Island is the first of a series of palaces built for the officials. The best architects worked on it, including Trezzini and Rastrelli Sr. The three-storey palace was filled with paintings, statues and other objects of art. Nowadays, the palace has undergone a number of significant changes and refers to the museum complex "State Hermitage".
The exhibition presents works of art and household items of the end of the XVII - the first third of the XVIII century, as well as the few belongings of Peter the Great and the owner of the palace. The museum in the palace opened in 1981. Visitors can see the restored interiors of the palace's lobby and the main staircase, the Nut cabinet, the reception room, the bedroom, the dining room, the quarters of D. Menshikova.